Jesus said, "The time is fulfilled,
and the kingdom of God is at hand;
repent and believe in the gospel."
Mark 1:15

  
  Search
Does God Exist?  

 

  

The Cosmological Argument

 

I'll state this argument 3 ways -  

1) Whatever begins to exist has a cause. The Universe began to exist. Therefore, the Universe had a cause.  

2) Things exist. Something cannot bring itself into existence; it's illogical, because it must exist to bring itself into existence. There cannot be an infinite number of causes to bring something into existence. An infinite regression of causes ultimately has no initial cause, which means there is no cause of existence. Since the universe exists, it must have a cause. Therefore, there must be an uncaused cause of all things. The uncaused cause is God. 

3) Things are in motion. Things in motion could not have brought themselves into motion, but must be caused to move. There cannot be an infinite regression of movers. Therefore, there must be an unmoved mover. This unmoved mover is God. 

So, either the universe has a beginning, or it doesn't. The majority of the scientific community still holds to the Big Bang theory. This beginning point makes sense because there cannot be an infinite number of past events. There must be a starting point.  

Look at it this way, imagine an infinite number of dominoes falling over, one after another. If each domino represents one second of time, there can't be an infinite number of them extending into the past. There wouldn't be a first domino to start the process, therefore the second one wouldn't fall, nor would the third etc. So none of them would fall. Therefore an actual infinite number of successive events in the past is logically impossible.

Take an infinite number of marbles and divide them in half. You now have two sets of marbles. How much would be in each set? Each set would now have an infinite amount in it, which means we have two infinite sets instead of one.  

You cannot divide something in half and end up with twice as much as when you started. It just doesn't make sense. Therefore, there couldn't have been an infinite number of previous moments, so the universe must have begun to exist.  

The next question is whether something caused this beginning, or whether the universe just popped into existence out of nothing. We all know, nothing comes from nothing. For something to come into existence there must be something else that already exists that can bring it into existence. The fact that the universe began to exist, therefore implies that something brought it into existence, it's creator. 

Now there is a popular objection: Atheists say this argument only moves the question back a step. They now ask, "Who made God? How did He come into existence?"  

I would ask, "If the world came into existence through the Big Bang, what caused the Big Bang?" Again, we're faced with an infinite regress. I would like to submit to you that the first cause, or uncaused cause is God, and here's why. This first cause would need to be self existent, timeless, unimaginably powerful, very intelligent, immaterial (because it created time, space and matter, it would need to be outside time, space, and matter), and personal since it had to exercise some decision making ability in order to create in the first place. An impersonal force has no ability to make any choices.  

This is precisely how the Bible, written thousands of years ago, describes God.  

 

The Teleological Argument 

 

This argument can be stated 2 ways -  

1) All designs imply a designer. There is great design in the universe. Therefore, there must be a great designer of the universe. 

2) Nature shows complexity, order, design, and purpose. These cannot be explained by random or accidental processes, but only as a product of the mind. Therefore, there exists a mind that has produced nature. A mind that produces nature is the supremely intelligent creator God.

We know that natural causes never produce complex systems, such as books, cars, or buildings. We know that natural causes of wind and water produced the Grand Canyon, but we would never say that wind and water naturally produced Mount Rushmore. Books imply an author, cars a manufacturer, and buildings an architect. 

Skeptics say that it is by time and chance, and not by design, that the universe exists the way it does. Think about those words "Time" and "Chance". What power do they have? "Time" is just a word we use to measure a duration or an interval. It has no power. Same with "Chance". "Chance" is a term for the likelihood or probability of something happening. It doesn't do anything by itself. How can labels like these cause anything to happen? Let alone a finely tuned, immensely complex universe.  

If we were walking on the beach and found a watch in the sand, we would not assume that it washed up on the shore having been formed through the natural processes and motions of the sea. We would rather naturally assume that it had been lost by its owner and that somewhere there was a watchmaker who originally designed and built it with a specific purpose in mind. We would see that its several parts were put together for the purpose of producing motion. This motion is so well regulated that it is able to mark the time of the day with precision. We would see that if there were any small variation in the shape, size, or position of the many parts of the watch, there would either be no motion at all, or motion that would not serve the purpose of keeping time. We would conclude that the watch must have a maker.

Consider for a moment the incredible complexity of the human eye. It consists of a ball with a lens on one side and a light sensitive retina made up of rods and cones inside the other. The lens itself has a sturdy protective covering called a cornea and sits over an iris designed to protect the eye from excessive light. The eye contains a fantastic watery substance that is replaced every four hours, while tear glands continuously flush the outside clean. In addition, an eyelid sweeps secretions over the cornea to keep it moist, and eyelashes protect it from dust. Consider the fact that as you read this, a number of impulses are traveling from your eyes through millions of nerve fibers that transmit information to your brain. It is one thing to suggest that the complex eye evolved by time and chance; it is quite another to say that the eye could have evolved in conjunction with other essential coordinated functions. This design can be called irreducibly complex. Irreducible complexity states that all of the individual component parts must be in place in order to impart functionality to the system as a whole. In other words, it is impossible to remove any of the component parts and still have the system work.

The mousetrap is an illustration of this concept. A mousetrap consists of five interacting pieces- the base, the catch, the spring, the hammer and the hold-down bar. All of these must be in place for the mousetrap to work, if you take away any of these parts you would destroy the function of the mousetrap.  

Charles Darwin in his book "On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection or the Preservation of Favored Races in the Struggle for Life" (Interesting Title) says, "If it could be demonstrated that any complex organ existed which could not possibly have been formed by numerous, successive, slight modifications, my theory would absolutely break down." Page 158.

 

The Argument From Morality

 

It's usually stated like this -  

1. If there are objective moral values then God exists.
2. There are objective moral values.
3. Therefore, God exists.
 

What are objective moral values? 

An objective moral value is something that is either right or wrong whether or not anyone believes in them or not. For example, is it always wrong to torture babies for fun? If that is an objective moral value then it is universally wrong. It is wrong for everyone, everywhere, everytime no matter if anyone believes it or not. All people everywhere have this moral code. Even the most remote tribes who have been cut off from the rest of civilization observe a moral code similar to everyone else's. Anytime we use words like "should" and "ought" we are appealing to this higher moral authority. People will say, "You shouldn't torture babies for fun, because it's just plain wrong." I would respond, "Why?" They would argue, "That's just the way it is. It's just not right!" Says who? There's no natural explanation for this "law". Why should it exist in a "random chance" ungoverned universe?   

Where does this idea of a universal "right" and "wrong" come from? The moral law does not ultimately come from within each individual, for then no one could call the actions of another, such as Hitler, evil. The moral law does not ultimately come from each society, for then one society could not call the actions of another society (such as Nazi Germany) wrong. Every time we argue over right and wrong, we appeal to a higher law. Laws require a lawgiver. Because the moral law transcends humanity, this universal law requires a universal lawgiver. The moral law is also eternal; it does not change with time. Therefore, there must exist an eternal moral Lawgiver who stands above all people. This lawgiver is God.

These objective moral values are not a matter of opinion or feeling. Like chocolate ice cream tastes better than vanilla. That is purely subjective. It may be true for you, but not for me. Without God as the transcendent being within which moral values are grounded, we have no basis for saying certain things are right or wrong. Everything would be a matter of taste, or preference. We then would not be able to say things like rape, child abuse and injustice are really wrong. At the same time we couldn't say that love, integrity and compassion are really good. If there isn't a God who exists who will someday judge our actions, then it makes no difference how we live. It wouldn't make a difference if we live like Mother Theresa or Adolph Hitler. If God does exist, then how we live does make a difference. If there is life after death with rewards and punishment, then the moral code that has been given by God makes sense.

This argument didn't originate in a sophisticated University classroom, or some seminary, or by deep thinking philosophers in recent centuries. God himself explained this thousands of years ago in the Bible. He says that this law is written on every person's heart and your conscience will testify to this fact and your thoughts will either accuse or excuse you. The word conscience means "with knowledge." This is an instinctive sense of right and wrong that produces guilt when violated. God tells us that this is how He will render all people accountable to Him, because all our secrets will be brought to light and our own conscience, which God gave us, will be a witness. (Romans 2:15-16) Our conscience, or internal warning system, is something that evolution simply cannot account for.  

 

A Transcendental Argument

 

Premise 1: Knowledge, Truth and Logic exist.
Premise 2: Knowledge, Truth and Logic are impossible without God.
Conclusion: Therefore God exists.

I suspect that you are going to challenge premise two, which is that knowledge, truth and logic are impossible without God. I also suspect you are going to want some proof of that. I will provide a proof right here. This is not evidence, this is a proof. It may get a little heady and philisophical, which may require some careful thinking. So, grab your thinking cap, and please read the whole proof before bailing. I'm kind of dense, so it took much repetition for me to get even a basic understanding of this argument. I will try to explain it as clearly as I can.

Let's start by looking at knowledge. Question: could you be wrong about everything you claim to know? 

Yes = Absurdity. Because if that's the case, then you wouldn't even know that. It's a self-refuting statement. In addition, if you could be wrong about everything, then it necessarily follows that you don't know anything. You have completely given up knowledge. If that's the case, you're claims about God not existing are rendered meaningless. No one in their right mind should answer yes to this question. If so, knowledge has been abandoned, you have fallen on your sword, and there's no sense continuing the discussion.

Therefore, your answer should be No. The fact is, you do know things. Are you reading this right now? Do you know that you're reading this right now? Is that true?

Let's ask this question, out of all the knowledge there is in the entire world, how much of it do you possess? If you said 1%, that would be very generous, wouldn't it? So out of the 99% you don't know, is it possible that something that you don't know could contradict the 1% you do know? 

How is it that you can know anything for certain? You would need to use your senses, reasoning and memory. How do you know that your senses, reasoning, and memory are valid? You know your senses are true, by your senses. "I see the oar in the water, therefore I know it is a straight oar that is submerged in water." Have you ever seen an oar "bend", while under water? You have. That's because the way the light refracts, it gives the appearance of a bent oar. The oar isn't really bent, it just appears that way to your eyes. In this case, your senses are wrong; therefore they are untrustworthy. You would reason that "my eyes are deceiving me." 

Has your reasoning ever failed you? There are times when I have examined a situation, used deductive reasoning, and logic to draw a conclusion, and my conclusion has been wrong. If my reasoning is valid, how do I know that it's valid? I would use my reasoning to conclude that my reasoning is valid. It too is circular. How do you know that your memory is valid? You use your memory. Do you remember what you ate yesterday? How do you know that you remember that? You say, "I used my memory." See the circular reasoning?

The response at this point may be, "I have good reasons to believe that my senses, reasoning, and memory are basically reliable. For the most part, I can trust them." So, the question then becomes - is everyone's reasoning valid? I hope you'd say no, because all we would need to do to prove you wrong is simply head down to the nearest insane assylum. So, if someone's reasoning is invalid, how would they know it? They would have to have valid reasoning to do so, right? But that is something that they don't have. So, here's what you need to think about... How do you know that you're not one of those people?

The conclusion is, in order for someone to know anything for certain, they would have to know everything, or know someone who does. To say it another way, unless one knows everything, or has revelation from someone who does, something that he doesn't know could contradict what he thinks he knows.

Here's a question: is it possible for an all-knowing, all-powerful being to communicate things to me in such a way that I can know them for certain? If your answer is yes, then you have given me something that you as an atheist can't have. That is - an avenue to certainty. Without an all-knowing being, God, an atheist cannot know anything for certain. However, you agreed earlier that it is impossible for you to be wrong about everything you claim to know. The truth is, you do know things, and that is because God exists.

I have what is called "a revelational epistemology". Which means that I know things (and so do you), because the God who knows everything has revealed them to us. If our thoughts are the mere by-products of the electrochemical processes in our evolved brains, you would not get truth, you would get "brain-fizz." Chemicals do not produce truth, they just react. As Doug Wilson said, it would be like shaking up a can of Mountain Dew, and a can of Dr. Pepper, opening them, and watching them fizz. Neither fizz is "true," they just are. For truth, you need God, who transcends the natural realm. 

The Laws of Logic: 

1. Identity - Something is what it is. "A" is "A".
2. Non-Contradiction - "A" cannot be "A" and not "A" at the same time, and in the same way.
3. Excluded Middle - Either God exists or He doesn't. It's either true or false.

Do you agree that logic exists? You must. In order to have a rational dialogue, logic must exist. Otherwise, this page could simply read like this... hsdkbfiweyghfiweghfweyighfuiwegfreuweiornvnmxcb. Or I could use this as my proof that God exists -
Green sleeps faster than January; therefore God exists.

Obviously, logic exists. We use it everyday, and you're using it right now. Since logic exists, where did it come from? Was it man made? People will say that logic is a human construct. If that's true, then according to the atheistic view of the universe being around long before mankind, then could the universe have existed, and not existed at the same time and in the same way before man existed? Wouldn't that violate the second law of logic, the law of non-contradiction? It most certainly would.

That is because logic came, not from man, but from God. It is based upon His character and nature.

- Logic is universal.
It applies to all people, in all places, at all times.

- Logic is immaterial.
You can't hand me a pound of logic.

- Logic is also unchanging.
For example, it is impossible that next week a woman could be pregnant, and not pregnant at the same time, and in the same way.

For universal, immaterial, unchanging logic, you need a Being (hint, hint) who is universal (Psalm 90:2), not made of matter (John 4:24) and unchanging (Malachi 3:6 and Hebrews 13:8). 

As a guy named Sye Ten Bruggencate has said, "God is not a God that we can reason to; He's the God who we can't reason without."

 

For more: What is Presuppositional Apologetics?

Want to give me some feedback?
Want to challenge anything written here?

Please email me at mike@bringingtruth.com 
or click
here.

 


       


Questions

The Big Question

Does God Exist?

What Is The Bible?

Is The Bible True?

Who Is Jesus?

Is Jesus In Every Book Of The Bible?

Is Jesus God?

Did Jesus Fulfill Any Prophecies?

Did God Create You?

What About Reincarnation?

Are You Going To Heaven?

What Is The Truth About Hell?

Who Will You Believe?

Want To Find A Good Church?

Looking For A Church In Harrisburg, Pennsylvania?

Which Bible Translation Is Right For Me?

 

Objections

"All Religions Lead To God"

"Never Talk About Religion Or Politics"

"Judge Not..."

"The Bible Is Full Of Contradictions"

"A Powerful God Wouldn't Allow So Much Evil..."

"The Church Is Full Of Hypocrites"

"What About Those Who Never Hear About Jesus?"

"A God of Love vs. A God of Wrath"

"A Loving God Wouldn't Send People To Hell"

"You're Only A Christian Because You..."

"As Long As You're Sincere In What You Believe"

"How Do You Know Which Religion Is Right?"

"God Would Never Forgive Someone Like Me"

"I Can't Believe In Miracles"

"Unanswered Prayer Shows God Doesn't Exist"

"What's With All The Different Denominations?"

"Jesus Was Just a Copycat of Pagan Myths"

"What About The Crusades?"

"What About Slavery In The Bible?"

"What About Evolution?"

"What About Homosexuality?"

"Jesus Didn't Say Anything About Homosexuality"

"What About Abortion?"

 

Other Stuff

   Other Beliefs

     Judaism

     Roman Catholicism

     Islam

     Jehovah's Witnesses

     Mormonism

     Seventh-Day Adventism

     Buddhism

     Hinduism

     Baha'i

     New Age

     Christian Science

     Scientology

     Freemasonry

     Oneness Pentecostals

     Unitarian Universalism

     Rastafarianism

     Wicca

     Satanism

What I Believe

Theological Terms and Definitions

Belief Comparison Chart

An Eschatological Overview (End Times)

Good Quotes

Paul Washer Quotes

20 Logical Fallacies

17 Questions Every Christian Should Think About

My Prayer - I Have A Problem...

More Than A Holiday

Honest Questions for Jehovah's Witnesses

Honest Questions For Mormons

Questions For Skeptics

10 Reasons To Tell Your Kids The Truth About Santa

A View From The Life Boat

A Collection of Helpful Bible Passages

A Story About A Boy Named Mikey

Thoughts On The Doctrine Of Definite Atonement

Questions To Ask A Child Before Their Baptism

A Critique Of An Origin-Of-Life Article

No Hope In The Pope

Terrorism - What You Can Do About It

The Impact Of A Blind Elderly Woman

Evidence For The Resurrection - W.O.M.E.N.

 

Apologetics / Evangelism

What Is Apologetics?

Why Should We Do Apologetics?

What Is Presuppositional Apologetics? 

What Do You KNOW? 

What Is Evangelism? 

Why Should We Evangelize? 

Are Christian Doing A Good Job Of Evangelizing? 

7 Reasons People Don't Share Their Faith

The Question Of Evangelism - Words Or Works? 

Is The World In Which We Live In Today Tolerant? 

Preaching What We Practice and Talking The Walk

Man vs. God Centered Evangelism

 

Around the Web

44 Reasons Why Evolution is Just a Fairy Tale

The Scientific Case Against Evolution

Evolution: The Anti-Science

A Letter From An Atheist

Are You A Good Person?

Is This Your Life?

What Does It Mean To Accept Christ?

What's Wrong With The Sinner's Prayer?

An Important Aspect of Baptism

Must We Believe Jesus Is God?

Turn or Burn

Top 10 Reasons Our Kids Leave Church

10 Reasons Not To Ask Jesus Into Your Heart

10 Principles For New Christians

10 Pitfalls Of The Foolish Apologist

Evangelistic Phrases That Produce False Conversions

The Secret About How Some Christians Witness

Preaching God's Love In Acts?

The Gospel In Every Book Of The Bible

7 Key Differences Bewteen Protestant And Catholic Doctrine

A Different Perspective On Halloween

10 Reasons I Kissed Halloween Goodbye

The Question After A Tragedy - WHY?

The Impact of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

Thoughts About Bruce (Caitlyn) Jenner

A Pastor's Response To The Marriage Debate

Sin By Any Other Name Is Still Sin

Should a Woman Be a Pastor or Elder?

Wives, Submit To Your Husbands?

The Shack - Missing Art of Evangelical Discernment

Universalism - A Problem for Everyone

 

Audio / Video

    Original Sermon Jams

     Born Again - Paul Washer

     Does Jesus Know You? - Paul Washer

     We Got An A! - Paul Washer

     A Boy On The Street - R.C. Sproul

     Fearless - R.C. Sproul

     Hypocrites - R.C. Sproul

     Smiling Faces - R.C. Sproul

     Authorized Personnel Only - Tony Evans

     Drive-thru - Tony Evans

     One Flesh - Tony Evans

     Sex - Tony Evans

     The Satisfier - Tony Evans

     Who to Serve? - Pastor Mike Leonzo

     The Voice of Truth - Pastor Ben Maxie

     Transformed - Pastor Mike Leonzo

     Where is the Love? - Pastor Ben Maxie

     He Claimed to be God - Pastor Mike Leonzo

     Love is a Behavior - Pastor Ben Maxie

     Examine It for Yourself - Pastor Mike Leonzo

     Perfect Love - Pastor Ben Maxie

     We Need Preachers - Mike Bongo

     The Sovereignty of God in Evangelism - Mike Bongo 

     I'm Ready - Mike Bongo

     Our Day in Court - Mike Bongo

     Examine Yourself - Mike Bongo

     Exclusivity - Mike Bongo

     Our World - Mike Bongo

     The Great Exchange - Mike Bongo 

     True God - Mike Bongo

    The One Minute Apologist

     Intolerance - Greg Koukl

     Legislating Morality - Frank Turek

     Intelligent Design and Creation - Bill Dembski

     Tolerance is Unbiblical - Josh McDowell

     Homosexual Forgiveness - Michael Brown

     What Must I Do To Be Saved? - Hank Hannegraaff

     Is Jesus A Copycat Savior? - J. Warner Wallace

     The Resurrection - Gary Habernas

     Contradictions In The Bible - Mike Licona

     Is It About Winning Arguments? - Mary Jo Sharp

     Does Christianity Oppress Women? - Dianna Newman

     Is Evil An Argument For God? - Brett Kunkle

   WWUTT (When We Understand The Text)

     Hate The Sin, Love The Sinner?

     Thou Shalt Not Judge?

     God Will Never Give You More Than You Can Handle?

     Do We Have To Prove That God Exists?

     Preach The Gospel, If Necessary Use Words?

     You Don't Have To Go To Church To Be A Christian?

     I Stand At The Door And Knock?

     God Has Already Chosen Who Will Be Saved?

     Spare The Rod, Spoil the Child?

     The Bible Says Slavery is Okay?

     Are Catholics Saved?

     God Foreknew Who Would Be Saved?

     Does The Bible Say Homosexuality is A Sin?

     Alter Calls And The Sinner's Prayer?

     Worse Than An Unbeliever?

    Kids Section

     The Gospel

     David Platt On Sharing the Gospel With Children

     For The Children: Are You Saved? - Paul Washer

     2 Amazing 11 Year Old Boys

   Other Audio / Video

     Rescue The Perishing

     Emeal Zwayne's Dialogue With A Homosexual

     The Big Questions of Life - Voddie Baucham

   Explore God

     Is There A God?

     Can We Know God Personally?

     Why Does God Allow Pain And Suffering?

     Is Jesus Really God?

     Are Christians Judgmental?

   The Bible Project

     The Book of Genesis Overview - Part 1 of 2 

     The Book of Genesis Overview - Part 2 of 2 

     The Book of Exodus Overview - Part 1 of 2

     The Book of Exodus Overview - Part 2 of 2

     The Book of Leviticus Overview

     The Book of Numbers Overview

     The Book of Deuteronomy Overview

     The Book of Joshua Overview

     The Book of Judges Overview

     The Book of Ruth Overview

     The Book of 1 Samuel Overview

     The Book of 2 Samuel Overview

     The Books of 1 and 2 Kings Overview

     The Book of Job Overview

     The Book of Psalms Overview

     The Book of Proverbs Overview

     The Book of Song of Songs Overview

     The Book of Isaiah Overview - Part 1 of 2

     The Book of Isaiah Overview - Part 2 of 2

     The Book of Hosea Overview

     The Book of Joel Overview

     The Book of Amos Overview

     The Book of Obadiah Overview

     The Book of Jonah Overview

     The Book of Micah Overview

     The Book of Nahum Overview

     The Book of Habakkuk Overview

     The Book of Zephaniah Overview 

Street Conversations

Street Conversations Disclaimer

Street Conversations - George & Paul

Street Conversations - Don

Street Conversations - VeeJay

Street Conversations - Joe

Street Conversations - Ralph 

Street Conversations - Charles

Street Conversations - Ed

Street Conversations - Ken

Street Conversations - Jessica

Street Conversations - Ida

Street Conversations - Earl & Evadel 

Street Conversations - Jim  

Street Conversations - Raheem

Street Conversations - Raheem part 2

Street Conversations - My Mom

Street Conversations - Eddie

Street Conversations - Renee

Street Conversations - Ron

Street Conversations - Rash

Street Conversations - Preacher

Street Conversations - Luis

Street Conversations - Keith

Street Conversations - Hippy

Street Conversations - Rich

Street Conversations - Hippy part 2

Street Conversations - Butch

Street Conversations - Scott

Street Conversations - Marcos

Street Conversations - Will & James

Street Conversations - Alexander and Valerie

Street Conversations - Jerry and Steve

Street Conversations - Blake

 

Me      

My Baptism

Parable Of The Talents  

Survey Says  

A Hard Lesson  

Talking About Jesus  

The Perfect Gift  

A Faith Worth Thinking About  

Stand Strong  

Peace At Christmas  

Resolutions From Revelation  

Takin' The Gospel To The Streets  

Responding Rightly To The Gospel Of Grace  

A Defense That Honors God And His Word  

Encouragement In Corinth  

The Dash

Surrendering To Win

The Gospel

The Laborers Are Few; Therefore...

Love Has No Labels - A Response

Faith That Works

Atheists: They Don't Exist

YOU Must Be NEW

 

Real Time Web Analytics

Clicky

Privacy Statement  |  Terms Of Use