This is an incredibly huge question. Volumes and volumes of books have been written on the subject. There is no way one page on this site is going to be able to even scratch the surface of this very controversial and multi-faceted topic. My only goal is to ask a few questions and make a few observations that might somehow "put a stone in your shoe". Did you ever get a stone in your shoe? It's annoying. Every step you take causes just a little bit of discomfort. I would love for you to walk away from reading this page bothered, in a good way. Apart from a supernatural act of divine intervention, this page will not take the ardent atheist who is fully devoted to the theory of evolution and turn him/her into someone who pours all of their devotion into their creator. This page is for the person who says, "I guess I believe in evolution, it's what I was taught in school, and it does seem to be the predominant view on the topic." I would love for that person to read this page and then say, "That page made a couple of good points. I need to think about this more and do some more reading, because there is a lot at stake."
Let's first make a distinction between micro-evolution and macro-evolution. Let's define macro-evolution as change on a grand scale, change from species to species, gradually over long periods of time. Micro-evolution is change within a species, and it has been proven that this type of change does occur. For the purposes of this article, when I say evolution, I am referring to macro-evolution, the unproven, non-scientific, Darwinian model, that is more philosophy than science. Just as an aside, I don't think that it is necessarily a ground-breaking statement to say that I believe the reason the theory of evolution is so dogmatically believed is that scientists have seen micro-evolution take place in our world, and therefore have extrapolated those results on a macro level. Micro-evolution is something that can be examined using the scientific method. That isn't the case with macro-evolution. It takes an element of faith to then extrapolate those results into a realm that cannot be replicated, such as Darwinian evolution. I am not a scientist whatsoever, but I don't think you can make that jump. To be honest, I am not willing to make that leap based upon what God has revealed to us in His word, the Bible. We all have our presuppositions; I am willing to acknowledge mine. I believe the Bible is true and anything that contradicts it, is wrong.
Again, maybe I am stating the obvious, but I personally believe that what the theory is trying to do is to eliminate God. Sinful human beings have a very strong desire for autonomy. We don't want to answer to anybody. We want to do our own thing and not have anyone tell us what we can and cannot do. This desire provides strong motivation to find a way to get rid of a creator - especially one who says that He will judge us one day. The Bible says that we will all stand before Him and give an account for all that we have done and failed to do. That notion isn't very appealing, so the creation tries desperately to do away with the creator.
Let's say the Darwinian theory of evolution is true. Here's a question: Where did all the "stuff" come from? I know the response is that evolution doesn't deal with the question of origins. However, it's a rather important question to ask, don't you think? Let's start at the beginning. Before things can evolve, there needs to be things. Where did they come from? For centuries, scientists have desperately tried to answer this question, to no avail. I can tell you... In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. Genesis 1:1 The skeptic responds, "Then who made God?" The answer to that is - no one. God is eternal; He has always existed. That may sound like a cop-out answer, but the truth is that if anything exists right now, then something must have always existed. Philosophers refer to this being as the uncaused cause, or the unmoved mover. Think about it. If there was ever a time when nothing existed, then nothing would exist now. How can you get something from nothing? You can't. For all their intellect, scientists have to throw up their hands and say that they don't know how life began, where theists can provide the answer. Life came from the giver of life, God.
What about the complexity of the human body? Your body may be ailing you right now. You may have pain, your back could be hurting, you could have arthritis in your fingers etc. But how do you explain how the body functions? It's amazing. The human eye is unbelievably complex. Right now, yours are scanning this page from left to right, information is gathered and then sent through pathways to your also extremely complex brain for comprehension. Then if you don't like what you're seeing, your brain will send a signal to your hand to tell your fingers to click the mouse to leave this page. Wouldn't you at least agree that this operation seems to be the work of a designer? How does a random and unguided process account for this? It wouldn't happen unless there is intelligence behind it.
I Have Questions...
Which evolved first?
The digestive system,
the food to be digested,
the appetite for food,
the ability to find and eat food,
the digestive juices,
or the body's resistance to its own digestive juice?
How did life come from non-life?
How did life learn to reproduce itself?
How can the unintelligent make intelligence?
How can rearranging the genetic code (Mutations), create something new and improved?
How can chaos create order?
How can impersonal matter create personal humanity?
When did mankind evolve feelings? (Like love and guilt)
How did thought evolve?
Where are the thousands of transitional forms in the fossil record?
Do you really believe that nothing created everything?
If you are an evolutionist would you please take the time to respond to these questions? I honestly want to learn. I'm not a very smart guy, in fact, I'm rather simple. So if you are able to give me some basic answers in lay-man's terms, I would appreciate it. I just can't seem to wrap my brain around these questions apart from a Biblical worldview. I can't promise that I will agree you, but I sincerely want to learn how you answer these.
If you aren't a staunch evolutionist, then I would simply like to challenge you. Have you looked at both sides of the issue? I will readily admit that I don't know all of the details regarding things like carbon-dating, mutations, natural selection and the fossil record. I have examined the claims of the Bible. I have been convinced of the truth of Scripture. And there are certain things regarding evolution that cannot be believed alongside Scripture. I do not hold to theistic evolution. I just don't think an accurate interpretation of Scripture supports it. So if the two are mutually exclusive, then where do you come down? Where are you placing your trust? Are you putting your soul in the hands of fallible human beings who use speculative language such as "maybe" and "possibly", and have been shown to be wrong in the past, who are continually changing their positions, and are consistently putting forth new theories all the time - or are you trusting in the time-tested revelation of God that speaks confidently and with authority? The Bible has maintained a consistent position all along. God was there in the beginning and He has communicated to us how it all went down. Human beings weren't there, and therefore we can only speculate as to what happened. I think that the smart money is on God.